Our oral health plays a significant role in the well-being of our entire body, and swollen gums are the most commonly known concern that can disrupt the oral harmony of our body. Swollen gums, called gingival swelling, are an uncomfortable, painful, and clear indicator of oral health issues. Various factors, like poor oral hygiene, hormonal changes, and more, lead to Swollen gums if not mitigated and taken care of.
It is essential to know that if the gum swelling is persistent, it should not be ignored. You have to visit a professional dentist, like the cosmetic dentist in Wichita Falls, to get accurate, professional dental care. Knowing the anatomy of the gums and the proper steps to follow from a professional will significantly improve your oral health.
Common causes of swollen gums:
- Poor oral hygiene:
Poor oral hygiene mainly occurs because of inappropriate oral hygiene practices such as irregular brushing or flossing, which can accumulate plaque and bacteria along the gum line. Without proper oral care, the bacteria produce toxins that irritate the gums, which cause inflammation and swelling. This condition can progress to gingivitis, which is a mild form of gum disease characterized by red, swollen gums that may appear during brushing and flossing.
- Hormonal changes:
Hormonal changes, such as hormonal fluctuations that occur during puberty or pregnancy, can affect the blood supply leading to the gums. Increasing progesterone levels can make the gums more sensitive to plaque and lead to inflammation and swelling. This condition is commonly known as pregnancy gingivitis and typically resolves after hormone levels return to normal.
- Gum Disease:
Gum disease, such as gingivitis, is commonly known as the early stage of gum disease, which is characterized by inflammation and infection of the gums. It causes the gums to recede and form deep pockets, becoming swollen, tender, and prone to infection. The common causes that contribute to gingivitis are basically plaque buildup, poor oral hygiene, hormonal changes, or certain kinds of medications.
- Aggressive Brushing and Trauma:
Using a toothbrush with hard bristles can significantly impact the gums as it can cause irritation or trauma to the gums, which results in swelling. Other methods, like improper flossing techniques, can also cause gum irritation. Another way to injure your gums can be as simple as ingesting hot food or drinks, which can lead to localized swelling.
- Nutritional Deficiencies:
Nutrients, when not taken adequately, can lead to swollen gums as they weaken the immune system and impair the healing processes. The essential vitamins to take, in particular, are vitamin C and vitamin B, which help strengthen the immune system and enable fast recovery. Deficiencies in these vitamins can make the gums more susceptible to infection, leading to inflation and swelling of the gums.